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Liverpool City Region launches £6.4m hydrogen bus project

Published: 25 Mar 2019

The Liverpool City Region is set to be the first place in the North of England to trial hydrogen buses following a successful £6.4million bid to the government’s Office for Low Emission Vehicles.

The bid was put forward by a consortium led by industrial gases company BOC, and including the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority and Arcola Energy, working with bus-makers Alexander Dennis, and will be progressed in conjunction with Arriva and Stagecoach, as members of the city region’s Bus Alliance.

The Liverpool City Region Hydrogen Bus Project will see the creation of a new hydrogen refuelling station at the BOC plant in St Helens, which produces hydrogen for industrial customers in the region and further afield.

The project will potentially see up to 25 hydrogen–powered buses on the streets of the Liverpool City Region, emitting nothing but water from the exhaust pipe, and will contribute to the city region’s plans both to improve air quality and work towards a zero carbon economy by 2040.  The first bus trial is expected to take place in 2020, subject to agreement with the Bus Alliance.

The new hydrogen refuelling station will initially deliver 500kg of hydrogen every day. Crucially, the project aims to demonstrate the commercial viability of a model that installs refuellers for high-use fleets to develop a network for future use by passenger cars and other vehicles.

Steve Rotheram, Metro Mayor of the Liverpool City Region, said: “With a low-carbon economy worth more than £2 billion a year, we are already in the vanguard of the green energy revolution and the Liverpool City Region Hydrogen Bus Project is another very exciting step in that direction. 

“Introducing commercially-viable hydrogen-powered buses would not only help our city region tackle poor air quality and achieve our ambition of being zero carbon by 2040 but would put us at the forefront of a technology that could be transformative for the rest of the country and beyond.”

Jan Ellringmann, BOC Head of Sales & Marketing, added: “As the market leader in industrial gases in the UK, BOC has produced hydrogen safely and efficiently for many decades, including from our site at St Helens. As pioneers of hydrogen’s use in low-carbon transport - commercial vehicles and cars as well as buses - BOC is delighted to be working with the project partners to help bring cleaner air to Liverpool City Region.”

Ben Todd, CEO of Arcola Energy said, "We are excited to see the ambition that the Liverpool City Region has for clean transport and delighted that the city region will be the site for the first fleet of zero emission buses using our innovative hydrogen and fuel cell technology. We are in the process of setting up our production facility here and I am personally looking forward to seeing both fleets of zero emission buses and new high-value manufacturing being established in my home town."

Billy McFie, Commercial Director, Alexander Dennis Limited, said: “We are pleased to be collaborating with Liverpool City Region on this exciting project as it underlines our commitment to delivering a range of low and zero emission technologies for all operational requirements.” 

Howard Farrall, Arriva Merseyside managing director, said "At Arriva we are continually looking for ways to ensure our vehicles are as environmentally-friendly as possible. We are delighted that the Liverpool City Region is once again leading the way with bus innovation and we are happy to take part in this project."

Rob Jones, Managing Director of Stagecoach Merseyside, Cheshire and South Lancashire, said: “Stagecoach is a business that’s passionate about cutting emissions and we are continually innovating to deliver cleaner, greener travel. All our vehicles are fitted with eco-driving systems which lower emissions and we’ve shown the biggest commitment to using 100 per cent biofuel of any UK bus operator.

“We’re delighted to be working closely with our Bus Alliance partners to develop and pioneer new approaches in sustainable travel and ensure the Liverpool City Region meets its carbon neutral targets and continues to set a direction for sustainable travel which will be an inspiration for cities across the North.”


Notes to editors

The successful consortium which bid for the grant from the Office for Low Emission Vehicles is made up of BOC, Liverpool City Region Combined Authority, represented by Merseytravel, and Arcola Energy.

BOC is the UK and Ireland’s biggest industrial and medical gases producer. Established more than 120 years ago, its portfolio includes thousands of different gases and mixtures, as well as related equipment and services. Hydrogen production by steam methane reforming (SMR) is our core business at three sites in the UK. SMR production of hydrogen is currently the lowest cost production method, essential to enable commercialisation of hydrogen transport and the creation of a UK-wide refuelling network.

Liverpool City Region is investing significantly in its strategic priorities, including sustainable transport with funding received as part of its City Deal to support devolution. It has secured £134 million in capital grant from the Transforming Cities Fund for local transport investment over a 4-year period. The aim of the fund is to help transform sustainable transport connectivity in key commuter routes in major city regions. The funding forms part of the wider Strategic Investment Fund. Merseytravel are leading the commissioning process and a significant number of schemes will be developed and delivered from 2018/19 FY onwards.

Arcola Energy is a systems engineering business with a specialism in fuel cell and hydrogen technologies for energy and transport. Arcola is the leading UK specialist in fuel cell electric vehicle development and deployment. As well as providing the fuel cells, Arcola will provide project management for the project.

The buses used for the project will be from UK manufacturer Alexander Dennis Limited, with complete hydrogen and fuel cell powertrain supplied and integrated by Arcola Energy. These buses will be the Enviro400 hydrogen double deck bus developed in partnership between Alexander Dennis and Arcola Energy. Alexander Dennis are not a partner in the project, but are fully supportive and will lead the bus production process.